Except as provided in 225.772-4 , the contracting officer shall not award a contract for commercial satellite services to—
(a)(1) A foreign entity if the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment or the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy reasonably believes that—
(i) The foreign entity is an entity in which the government of a covered foreign country has an ownership interest that enables the government to affect satellite operations;
(ii) The foreign entity plans to or is expected to provide satellite services under the contract from a covered foreign country; or
(iii) Entering into such contract would create an unacceptable cybersecurity risk for DoD, as determined by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment or the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy; or
(2) An offeror that is offering commercial satellite services provided by a foreign entity as described in paragraph (a) of this section; or
(b)(1) Any entity, except as provided in paragraph (b)(2) of this section, for a launch that occurs on or after December 31, 2022, if the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment or the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy reasonably believes that such satellite services will be provided using satellites that will be—
(i) Designed or manufactured—
(A) In a covered foreign country; or
(B) By an entity controlled in whole or in part by, or acting on behalf of, the government of a covered foreign country; or
(ii) Launched outside the United States using a launch vehicle that is—
(A) Designed or manufactured in a covered foreign country; or
(B) Provided by—
(1) The government of a covered foreign country; or
(2) An entity controlled in whole or in part by, or acting on behalf of, the government of a covered foreign country.
(2) The prohibition in paragraph (b)(1) of this section does not apply with respect to launch services for which a satellite service provider has a contract or other agreement that, prior to June 10, 2018, was either fully paid for by the satellite service provider or covered by a legally binding commitment of the satellite service provider to pay for such services.